Background note
Amina Ebrahim and Aalia Cassim
Countries need data and evidence to create, amend, and evaluate policy. South Africa has been at the vanguard of data collection in sub-Saharan Africa with strong and long-standing institutions collecting data for research purposes. Making...
June 2022
Working paper
Andrew Kerr and Martin Wittenberg
Traditionally, analysts of the South African labour market have used household survey data to describe earnings and employment in the post-Apartheid period. More recently, administrative data from the South African Revenue Service has been made...
May 2019
Labour market and inequality
Working paper
Channing Arndt, Paul Chinowsky, Charles Fant, Sergey Paltsev, C. Adam Schlosser, Kenneth Strzepek, Finn Tarp, and James Thurlow
We consider the interplay of climate change impacts, global mitigation policies, and the economic interests of developing countries to 2050. Focusing on Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia, we employ a structural approach to biophysical and economic...
March 2020
Climate and energy
Working paper
Channing Arndt, Rob Davies, Sherwin Gabriel, Laurence Harris, Konstantin Makrelov, Boipuso Modise, Sherman Robinson, Witness Simbanegavi, Dirk van Seventer, and Lillian Anderson
This paper reports ‘first pass’ estimates of the costs of the lock-down implemented by the South African government beginning on 27 March 2020. It also presents a series of recovery scenarios. Four channels by which...
April 2020
Macro-fiscal analysis
Climate and energy
Working paper
Serena Merrino
This paper aims at providing new evidence over the effect of conventional monetary policy shocks on wage inequality through the earnings heterogeneity channel under the inflation-targeting regime implemented in South Africa since 2000. The empirical...
June 2020
Macro-fiscal analysis
Working paper
Rod Crompton, Midesh Sing, Vernon Filter, and Nonhlanhla Msimango
The South African liquid fuels industry is a significant part of the economy. Historically, government policy focused on import substitution industrialization to support industry margins. This approach is called into question by the 2006 shift...
October 2020
Macro-fiscal analysis
Working paper
Kudzai Mataba and Faizel Ismail
COVID-19 has created a trade crisis in Southern Africa, with a dramatic slowdown in cross-border trade. The crisis, which exposed weaknesses and deficiencies in the trade facilitation regimes, presents an opportunity for the African Continental...
April 2021
Phase 1 regional growth
Working paper
by Nobuhle D. Mbonane and M.N. Makhura
Crop insurance is a sustainable risk management tool that farmers need for increasing the sustainability of their agricultural enterprises by reducing income risks. This paper reports on factors influencing farmers’ interest in purchasing crop insurance.
May 2018
Climate and energy
Working paper
Joshua Budlender and Amina Ebrahim
We present new evidence on the effects of South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive (ETI), a hiring and employment wage subsidy aimed at reducing youth unemployment. We show that attempts to estimate firm-level treatment effects via...
July 2021
Labour market and inequality
Working paper
by Amina Ebrahim, Rebone Gcabo, Lilian Khumalo, and Jukka Pirttilä
This framing paper has two main purposes. We first provide a brief survey of the economic literature on taxation in South Africa. Second, we attempt to offer some ideas about areas and topics on which...
March, 2019
Public revenue
J.H. Havenga, A. de Bod, Z.P. Simpson, S. Swarts, and I.E. Witthöft
A cornerstone of rail improvement in South Africa is the development of a road-to-rail strategy for both freight and passengers. The report proposes road-to-rail strategies for both freight and passengers to assist identifying key next...
November 2021
Journal article
by Channing Arndt, Amy Dale, Patrick Hatzenbuehler, Jordan Kyle, Innocent Matshe, Adam Schlosser, and Emily Schmidt
We argue that vastly improved agricultural production forecasts and estimates in SSA fit within an emerging view of information as a key input into the development process. We assess the current quality and timeliness of...
January, 2019
Climate and energy
STEERING GROUP Kunal Sen Rachel M. Gisselquist Yolandé Smit PROGRAMME SUPPORT Aino Hiltunen Tram Nguyen MEDIA CONTACT Annett Victorero RESEARCH CONSULTANT Marlies Piek / UNU-WIDER RESEARCH ASSOCIATE Amina Ebrahim / UNU-WIDER RESEARCH ASSISTANTS Mlungisi Ndlovu...
November 2022