Blog
Meet the women behind the Southern Africa – Towards Inclusive Economic Development programme
by Anne Tomi

Globally, women are under-represented in the field of economics. Only a third of all academic research staff in the field of economics in Europe are women. In the US the share is even lower.

12 March 2020
News
Effect of COVID-19 on SA-TIED: some disruptions but work continues
by SA-TIED

The Southern Africa – Towards Inclusive Economic Development (SA-TIED) programme will continue delivering on our mandates during the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Some areas of programme operations however will be subject to temporary disruption during the pandemic – updates will be provided on our website and social media....

25 March 2020
Working paper
Modelling the costs of constraining the transition to renewable energy in South Africa
Bruno Merven, Faaiqa Hartley, Sherman Robinson and Channing Arndt

For decades cheaper and easily available fossil fuels have underpinned the energy system of South Africa and inhibited the potential for achieving a sustainable low carbon economy. Favourable developments in renewable energy technologies and falling prices provide an opportunity for the country to reduce its emissions significantly without...

25 March 2020
climate
Working paper
The changing nature of hydroclimatic risks across Southern Africa
C. Adam Schlosser, Andrei Sokolov, Ken Strzepek, Tim Thomas, Xiang Gao, and Channing Arndt

This study presents results from a large ensemble of projected changes in seasonal precipitation and near-surface air temperature changes for the nation of South Africa. The ensemble is based on a combination of pattern-change responses derived from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP-5) climate models along with the...

25 March 2020
climate
Working paper
Measuring labour earnings inequality in post-apartheid South Africa
Serena Merrino

This paper investigates the validity of household survey data published by Statistics South Africa since 1993 and later integrated into the Post-Apartheid Labour Market Series (PALMS). A series of statistical adjustments are proposed, compared, and applied to primary data with the purpose of generating time-comparable, unbiased estimates, and...

23 March 2020
macroeconomics
Working paper
Long term modelling of household demand and its implications for energy planning
Bruno Merven, Faaiqa Hartley and Jules Schers

This paper proposes an alternative method for modelling long term changes in household consumption in computable general equilibrium models. The analysis is applied to the case of South Africa and focuses on the change in income related lifestyle choices on energy demand and composition. A comparison of adjusting household consumption share (...

20 March 2020
climate
Working paper
Global land reform experiences: A review for South Africa
Rob Davies, Katrina Kosec, Ephraim Nkonya, and Jie Song

This paper reviews land reform in six emerging market economies with some similarities to South Africa, and in sub-Saharan African countries, which share a similar colonial history. While care needs to be taken when trying to transplant policies that have worked in other countries, the paper suggests a number of broad lessons. Land reform is a...

20 March 2020
climate
Working paper
Climate change and developing country growth: the cases of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia
Channing Arndt, Paul Chinowsky, Charles Fant, Sergey Paltsev, C. Adam Schlosser, Kenneth Strzepek, Finn Tarp, and James Thurlow

We consider the interplay of climate change impacts, global mitigation policies, and the economic interests of developing countries to 2050. Focusing on Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia, we employ a structural approach to biophysical and economic modeling that incorporates climate uncertainty and allows for rigorous comparison of climate,...

19 March 2020
climate
Working paper
South African agricultural productivity in the global context: Comparisons using FAO data
Channing Arndt and Alejandro Nin Pratt

This paper seeks to address the following questions: (a) How productive is South Africa’s agricultural sector? (b) How does it compare to other countries in terms of productivity? The approach taken uses neoclassical growth accounting in defining total factor productivity (TFP) growth as the ratio of output and input growth. There are three...

20 March 2020
climate
Working paper
Shifting from deductions to credits - Unpacking the distributional effects of medical expenditure considerations in South Africa
Senia Nhamo and Edinah Mudimu

The recent National Health Insurance White Paper proposes redirection of medical tax credits revenue towards the financing of the national health insurance. This raises critical questions about the impact on affordability for the poor as well as fundamental legal implications. The 2012 tax reforms which saw the move from deductions to credits...

18 March 2020
public_revenue
Working paper
The elasticity of taxable income - New data and estimates for South Africa
Johannes Hermanus Kemp

The elasticity of taxable income is a key tax policy parameter that plays an important role in the formulation of tax and transfer policy. This paper extends work by Kemp (2019) by using a new panel of individual tax returns and the phenomenon of ‘bracket creep’ to produce updated estimates of the elasticity of taxable income for South Africa....

18 March 2020
public_revenue
Working paper
Job spells in an emerging market - Evidence from apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa
Robert Hill, Kezia Lilenstein, and Amy Thornton

Few studies exist on job duration in developing labour markets—an important omission both in our understanding of such markets and for the job duration literature, which is mainly based on developed-country case studies, which differ in structural ways. The main reason for this is likely data constraints in developing countries, since job...

18 March 2020
inequality
Working paper
Initial considerations for the creation of an inter-regional industrial hemp value chain between Malawi and South Africa
Sandy Lowitt

Interest in industrial hemp has revived in the past 20 years. Malawi is considering legalizing the cultivation of industrial hemp as an alternative cash crop to tobacco with great potential. This study considers the potential and challenges of creating an industrial hemp value chain between South Africa and Malawi, with Malawi concentrating on...

18 March 2020
regional_growth
Working paper
Labour market polarization in South Africa - A decomposition analysis
Rob Davies and Dirk van Seventer

There is evidence from developed countries that technical change affects not only the employment intensity of production, but also the occupational composition of employment. The use of artificial intelligence, automation, and robots has changed the skills composition of employment. A range of ‘routine’ tasks are being replaced by machines...

18 March 2020
macroeconomics
Research seminar

SA-TIED will hold a seminar on worker mobility and productivity spillovers - an emerging market perspective. The seminar will be given by Friedrich Kreuser under the work stream on Enterprise development for job creation and growth.

05 March 2020
enterprise_development
Technical workshop

SA-TIED will hold a 3-day training workshop on the use of Stata for staff from the National Treasury.

The workshop will take place at the National Treasury and will be carried out by the work stream on Turning the tide on inequality

 

05 March 2020
inequality
Request for research proposals
Request for research proposals - Migration and South Africa
by SA-TIED

United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER), together with its partners, now invites research proposals related to migration for the Southern Africa Towards Inclusive Economic Development (SA-TIED) programme. Deadline for submissions is 06 April, 2020 23:59 UTC+3.

19 February 2020
climate
Blog
How a data revolution in South Africa can help address gender inequality
Amina Ebrahim and Kezia Lilenstein

In 2016, we joined a project in South Africa working to make tax data available for research purposes. Tax authorities collect an enormous amount of data on companies and individuals, data that is useful for economics research and economic policy-making, and the potential to learn from such a large collection of data on the economy is huge.

21 February 2020
Research Brief
The impact on jobs and earnings of offshoring in South Africa
by SA-TIED

The success of an economy’s manufacturing sector is often critical to economic growth and development. As a major contributor to exports, site of innovation, adopter of international best practices, and engine of job creation, an internationally competitive manufacturing sector often drives output and employment growth.

18 February 2020
enterprise_development
Research Brief
Can trade in services bolster regional development in Southern Africa?
by SA-TIED

Service exports are the fastest growing portion of world trade and now account for nearly a quarter of global exports. Tradable services contribute to economic growth and development by bolstering industrial capabilities, facilitating productivity growth and investment, and contributing directly to exports. This presents opportunities for many...

10 February 2020
regional_growth
Research Brief
Spatial dynamics of firm productivity in South Africa
by SA-TIED

The design and implementation of industrial policy should be closely linked to spatial considerations. Firm output and productivity are often location-specific, with factors such as the availability of physical infrastructure, proximity to sources for raw materials, and the potential for adopting research-based technology from similar firms...

07 February 2020
enterprise_development
Working paper
Bjørn Bo Sørensen

Countries’ economic complexity, and the associated diversification and sophistication of their exports, is a key determinant of economic growth. Understanding how South African firms learn to export more sophisticated products is, therefore, an important policy issue. Using administrative data covering the entire tax-paying population of firms...

18 February 2020
enterprise_development
Research seminar

SA-TIED will hold a seminar on the gender wage gap in South Africa's manufacturing sector. The seminar will be given by Victor Stolzenburg under the work stream on Turning the tide on inequality.

12 February 2020
inequality
Working paper
Lawrence Edwards and Ayanda Hlatshwayo

This paper uses detailed firm transaction data on manufactured exports to analyse the dilution of the real exchange rate-export relationship in South Africa over the period 2010 to 2014. Our empirical results show that firms that are larger, have higher export shares in destination markets, and import are more likely to raise the domestic...

18 February 2020
enterprise_development
Working paper
Ayanda Hlatshwayo, Friedrich Kreuser, Carol Newman, and John Rand

This paper uses matched employer-employee data from South Africa to examine the extent to which technology transfers between firms through the hiring of workers. Allowing for differential spillovers based on observable technology differences between sending and receiving firms, we find strong evidence for positive productivity spillovers...

06 February 2020
enterprise_development
Working paper
Karmen Naidoo

This paper investigates the effect of innovation on employment growth at the firm level in South Africa. Innovation is typically associated with better export performance at the firm level due to productivity enhancements and new products. However, the link between innovation and employment is more ambiguous. R&D targeted towards product...

21 January 2020
enterprise_development
Working paper
Gillian Chigumira

This working paper is the fourth in a series that forms part of the project ‘Southern Africa – Towards Inclusive Economic Development’, a three-year partnership between UNU-WIDER and the South African government aimed at generating a better understanding of regional value chains and supporting industrialization in the Southern African...

21 January 2020
regional_growth
Working paper
Hammed Amusa, Njeri Wabiri, and David Fadiran

Using comprehensive, anonymized tax administrative data for the 2008–14 period, we examine firm-level productivity in South Africa. Measures of firm-level productivity are included in a spatial autoregressive model that assesses spillovers from total factor productivity originating from agglomeration economies and the spatial diffusion of...

20 January 2020
enterprise_development
In the media
SA-TIED researcher Faaiqa Hartley interviewed by Knowable Magazine
by SA-TIED

Economist, and researcher under the work stream on climate change and energy, Faaiqa Hartley was interviewed by Knowable Magazine on her recent SA-TIED working paper Faster than you think: Renewable energy and developing countries.

28 January 2020
climate
Research seminar

SA-TIED will hold a seminar on minimum wages and firm dynamics, using evidence from the agricultural sector and South African administrative tax data. The semainr will be given by Marlies Piek under the work stream on Turning the tide on inequlity

17 January 2020
inequality
Technical workshop

SA-TIED held a two-day technical workshop on climate change. The workshop was carried out under the work stream on climate and energy and took place at the Sheraton Hotel in Pretoria, South Africa.

13 January 2020
climate
Research seminar

SA-TIED will hold a seminar on offshoring within South African manufacturing firms, an analysis of the labour market effects.

17 January 2020
enterprise_development