Blog
by Joshua Budlender and Amina Ebrahim
The Employment Tax Incentive was introduced in 2014 in response to South Africa’s chronic structural youth unemployment crisis. Its aim was to encourage employers to hire young people by subsidizing their wages. ‘High youth unemployment,’...
November 2022
Labour market and inequality
Working paper
Dolapo Enahoro, Jason Sircely, Randall B. Boone, Stephen Oloo, Adam M. Komarek, Sirak Bahta, Mario Herrero, Karl M. Rich
The demand for livestock-derived foods has steadily grown over the past decades and rising incomes and human populations are expected to see demand further increase. It is unclear if current livestock feed resources are adequately...
June 2021
Climate and energy
Working paper
by Rebone Gcabo, Boitumelo Moche, Wynnona Steyn, Boikhutso Moahlodi, Jukka Pirttilä, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright, Helen Barnes, and Faith Masekesa
Using SAMOD, a tax-benefit model for South Africa, the paper examines the joint distributional impacts of the increase in the VAT rate and increases in benefit amounts that took place in 2018. The results demonstrate...
March, 2019
Public revenue
Working paper
Hylton Hollander
Debt-financed fiscal stimulus programmes directly stimulate aggregate demand through government expenditure or tax cuts, but their effectiveness is highly dependent on direct crowding out of private sector expenditure, spillover effects to the private sector through...
October 2021
Macro-fiscal analysis
Working paper
by Bongani Chiliza
This paper sets out to ascertain the appropriateness of the Basel III macro-prudential policy mechanisms as South African (SA) bank distance-to-default (DTD) determinants. Using a hybrid model embedded within a linear dynamic panel-data estimation technique...
March, 2019
Macro-fiscal analysis
Working paper
Patrick Honohan and Athanasios Orphanides
This paper reviews South Africa’s monetary policy since 2007 and makes recommendations towards improving the inflation-targeting framework currently in place. Following a surge in inflation into double digits in 2007/08, the South African Reserve Bank...
March 2022
Macro-fiscal analysis
Working paper
by Bruno Merven, Faaiqa Hartley, and Fadiel Ahjum
Road freight transport is the key channel for moving goods and services within South Africa, accounting for more than 70% of the total freight payload over the last decade. While not the largest contributor to...
April 2019
Climate and energy
Blog
Anthony Black, Lawrence Edwards, Ruth Gorven, and Willard Mapulanga
Regional integration in Africa is underway but progress requires that the gains are widely spread. South Africa’s huge regional trade surplus in manufactured goods is leading to protectionist pressures in neighbouring countries. Agro-processing is a...
21 September 2022
Phase 1 regional growth
Working paper
by Karishma Banga and Neil Balchin
This study explores the potential for South Africa to become an engine for intraregional trade and industrial development by linking other Southern African countries to its global value chains and, in the process, improving its...
October 2019
Phase 1 regional growth
Working paper
Marlies Piek, Dieter von Fintel, and Johann Kirsten
This paper presents new evidence on the employment effects of a large increase in agricultural minimum wages in South Africa using anonymized tax data. We add to the minimum wage literature by differentiating employment effects...
April 2020
Labour market and inequality
Working paper
Bhekani Sandile Zondo
This study evaluates the determinants of adoption and use intensity of organic fertilizer among smallholder potato farmers using primary data collected from 189 smallholder farmers in three municipal areas in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, using...
September 2020
Climate and energy
Working paper
Roseline T. Karambakuwa, Weliswa Matekenya, Syden Mishi, Leward Jeke, and Ronney M. Ncwadi
The paper evaluates strategies for developing successful special economic zones and transnational zones for Southern African countries to spur growth and employment. Most special economic zones implemented in Southern Africa have largely failed to bring...
December 2020
Phase 1 regional growth
Working paper
Simone Schotte and Rocco Zizzamia
This paper investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related policy measures on livelihoods in urban South Africa. Using qualitative research methods, we analyse two rounds of semi-structured phone interviews, conducted between June and...
March 2021
Labour market and inequality