by Joshua Budlender and Amina Ebrahim
The Employment Tax Incentive was introduced in 2014 in response to South Africa’s chronic structural youth unemployment crisis. Its aim was to encourage employers to hire young people by subsidizing their wages. ‘High youth unemployment,’...
November 2022
Labour market and inequality
Working paper
Tatenda Lysias Magodora
The agricultural sector has remained under threat from climate change despite significant efforts to combat this problem. There is evidence of existing climate change impacts on maize production in South Africa. No meta-analysis was done...
October 2020
Climate and energy
Working paper
Ongezwa Ngotana
Public debt is defined as the total amount owed by the government. It is calculated as the total amount of international and local debts of the nation. Since the 2008 financial crisis, public debt has...
April 2021
Phase 1 regional growth
Working paper
by Charlotte-Kathrin Stollberg
The recent PIRLS report painted a dire picture of South Africa’s literacy: 80% of Grade 4 learners are unable to read for meaning. With a large body of research confirming how reading literacy holds predictive...
May 2018
Climate and energy
Working paper
Neva Makgetla
Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have become common across Southern Africa in the past 20 years. In line with experiences in the rest of the world, they have had at best marginal success. Their essential premise...
July 2021
Phase 1 regional growth
Working paper
by Rob Davies, Marko Kwaramba, and Dirk van Seventer
This paper documents the construction of a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Zimbabwe in 2013. The SAM was built using National Accounts data from the Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), including balance of payment data...
November, 2018
Macro-fiscal analysis
Working paper
by Maleshoane Majara
In spite of existence of trade arrangements including that of having a common market, trade patterns are low within EAC. Thus, the record of trade among members has been a sobering one when in comparison...
March, 2019
Phase 1 regional growth
Background note
Amina Ebrahim and Sibusiso Gumbi
Job retention schemes have been one of the many policy tools used to curb the effects of a lockdown and the COVID-19 crisis. The system works by reducing labour costs which could prevent or reduce...
June 2022
Working paper
Isaac Marcelin, Daniel Brink, David Oluwatosin Fadiran, and Hammed Adedeji Amusa
Employing the difference-in-differences technique, this study examines the impact of the Employment Tax Incentive programme on a large sample of South African firms from 2011 to 2016. It finds that programme firms expanded investments by...
July 2019
Public revenue